Agent FAQ

Can I limit the Formant agent's CPU and memory consumption?

Yes, CPU and memory can be limited on Linux systems using systemctl.

systemctl set-property formant-agent.service MemoryLimit=<value>
systemctl set-property formant-agent.service CPUQuota=<value>

For example, to lock the agent to using a maximum of one core:

systemctl set-property formant-agent.service CPUQuota=100%

Can I limit the Formant agent's bandwidth usage?

Formant provides a few bandwidth control options:

1. Update the Formant agent

In release 1.91 we introduced new protocols between the formant-agent and the backend that reduce the usage of the formant-agent. Update the agent by runing sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade formant-agent

2. Low Bandwidth Mode

After release 1.91, in your device's general settings, you can put the formant-agent in low bandwidth mode. This significantly reduces the amount of data the formant-agent uses for its passive duties (i.e., checking in with the formant-cloud)


3. Rate Limiting

Each data stream can be rate-limited, so you don't need to ingest data at high resolution if you don't need it. Find this in the settings for each stream.


In the settings here, we are limiting this stream to 1Hz

4. On Demand

Each data stream can be set to on-demand, so it is only ever uploaded if specifically requested (from the Formant UI, or programmatically, or by an event)

5. Video Encoding

Instead of using compressed/raw image streams, the formant-agent can encode the video for you to significantly reduce the bandwidth of these streams. This is selected in the video encoding settings on an image stream.


Here the stream of images has been encoded into a 360p video, reducing bandwidth.

How can I make the "formant" user use a different python than the system level python?

For native installations, export FORMANT_AGENT_PYTHON_PATH and FORMANT_AGENT_PYTHON3_PATH to the desired values in /var/lib/formant/.bashrc to specify the pythons the formant user will use. These values default to python and python3.

How can I source a custom script before the Formant agent process starts?

For native installations, export the SOURCE_SCRIPT environment variable in /var/lib/formant/.bashrc to the location of the custom script. The "formant" user will source the provided script before executing the Formant agent process. See Environment variables for the agent.

What environment variables can I add to /var/lib/formant/.bashrc?

A list of all optional environment variables that affect the behavior of the Formant agent can be found here


Restart agent

Please make sure to restart the agent (systemctl restart formant-agent) for the environment variables to take effect

Agent setup troubleshooting

The Formant agent ROS bridge is not running

Most parts of the formant agent ROS bridge are python3 processes. Try running import rospy in a python3 shell. If this import errors, you may have to install python3-roskpg-modules:

apt install python3-rospkg-modules

Please make sure you have the following packages installed on pyhton3 for ros_bridge:

The following packages need to be installed on python2 for tf2_bridge:


ImportError: cannot import name Gst, introspection typelib not found

Some systems will not have a video streaming dependency installed. To fix, you can install the following:

apt install gir1.2-gst-rtsp-server-1.0

/usr/sbin/policy-rc.d returned 101, not running 'enable formant-agent.service'

The system's policy-rd.d may be set up to disallow enabling services. Edit /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d to exit 0 instead of 101.

ROS data not showing up on webapp

If the installation was successful, but the ROS based data is not displaying on the webapp, it is likely that the agent did not detect that it was ROS based device. Check if ROS_MASTER is set in your environment. If it is not set, then set it as follows:

export ROS_MASTER_URI=http://localhost:11311
Then rerun the agent installation command you ran without the token. If you ran the docker based agent installation, rerun the docker based command.